Controlling shareholders

At 31 December 2019 and 2018, based on information supplied to the Group, a shareholder group with pooled voting rights owned 72,018,000 shares, which represented 45.01% of the issued shares. On 5 December 2019 the shareholder group announced that it would continue the shareholder pooling agreement with a modified shareholder composition. This group consists now of Mr André Hoffmann, Ms Marie-Anne Hoffmann, Ms Vera Michalski, Mr Alexander Hoffmann, Mr Frederic Hoffmann, Ms Isabel Hoffmann, Mr Lucas Hoffmann, Ms Marina Hoffmann, Ms Kasia Barbotin-Larrieu, Ms Tatiana Fabre, Mr Andreas Oeri, Ms Catherine Oeri, Ms Sabine Duschmalé, Mr Jörg Duschmalé, Mr Lukas Duschmalé, the charitable Foundation Wolf and Artuma Holding Ltd. The shareholder pooling agreement has existed since 1948. The duration of the pool was extended for an indefinite period in 2009. The figures above do not include any shares without pooled voting rights that are held outside this group by individual members of the group. Ms Maja Oeri, formerly a member of the pool, holds 8,091,900 shares representing 5.057% of the voting rights independently of the pool.

At 31 December 2019, based on information supplied to the Group, 53,332,863 shares (2018: 53,332,863 shares) are owned by Novartis Holding AG, Basel (participation below 33 1⁄3%).