Starting with A for "ACE inhibitor" and continuing through to Y for "Yolk Sac Tumour", we give you succinct explanations for scientific and medical terms in clear and simple words.
- Embryofetopathia diabeticaPrenatal abnormality in development as a result of unrecognised, badly regulated or deregulated maternal diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
As a result of diabetes, the transfer of glucose is increased from the mother to the foetus through the placenta. This leads to an increase in foetal insulin levels, which then cause functional immaturity (e.g. lungs and liver) and to so-called insulin overfeeding, which means an increase in the size of the organs and of the foetus (large-for-date baby).
Possible consequences include a tendency to premature birth, placental failure, death of the foetus during pregnancy or in the course of birth, a difficult birth as the result of excessively broad shoulders and regulation problems such as low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia) or calcium deficiency (hypocalcaemia). In the long term there is a tendency to pathological overweight and cardiovascular disease.
Prevention and Therapy
Timely and optimal metabolic regulation of the mother. Birth at the calculated date of birth.
Glossary entries: Roche and Walter de Gruyter, Berlin