Starting with A for "ACE inhibitor" and continuing through to Y for "Yolk Sac Tumour", we give you succinct explanations for scientific and medical terms in clear and simple words.
- Ketone bodiesCollective term for compounds which arise by the breakdown of fats (lipolysis) and some aminoacids. Increased formation of ketone bodies occurs, for example, when there is insulin deficiency (diabetes mellitus, mostly type 1 diabetes), increased concentrations of glucagon or hunger. Ketone bodies can be detected in urine (see ketonuria).
Glossary entries: Roche and Walter de Gruyter, Berlin