Starting with A for "ACE inhibitor" and continuing through to Y for "Yolk Sac Tumour", we give you succinct explanations for scientific and medical terms in clear and simple words.
- Sleep apnoea syndromeDisturbance in breathing during sleep, with occasional interruption to respiration. Sleep apnoea syndrome leads to remove oxygen deficiency (hypoxaemia) and excess of carbon dioxide (hypercapnia) in the blood. This is accompanied by waking reactions from the central nervous system and periodic fluctuations in blood pressure, sleeping cardiac output and heart rate, waking high blood pressure (hypertension) and increased risk of stroke or myocardial infarct.
Abnormal tiredness during the day, irregular and loud snoring, disturbances in concentration and memory, changes in personality, morning headache, disturbance in potency.
For mild forms of the syndrome, drugs to expand the bronchi. Possibly operative correction of a restriction of the respiratory tract or continuous hyperbaric ventilation. Possibly long term treatment with oxygen.
Glossary entries: Roche and Walter de Gruyter, Berlin